Most colonial era Americans were not just from Scotland or Ireland or northern England, but from a mix of these places. Many Scots-Irish families passed through Ireland, where they lived after they first left Scotland, and then emigrated to certain east coast states. They are known by hyphenated terms such as Scots-Irish or Anglo-Irish because of the two to four generations most spent in Ireland. Part of the Mission of AmeriCeltic is to help fill a gap for American family history researchers who are tracing families back to Ireland or Scotland.
Our newest source materials mention the following families:
- Campbells (of Skeldon)
- Shaw (of Greenock)
These documents, New Links to 1641 Depositions, are the depositions and claims of victims and witnesses to the Irish rebellion of 1641. To access the depositions themselves, you sign in/register as a "user" of the Trinity College collections. The depositions are indexed by county and name. They were made by Scots- Irish, Anglo-Irish, Welsh-Irish, Norman-Irish and native Irish as the rebels were as much bent on settingly personal scores as trying to end English rule of Ireland, and the Irish rebels also targeted other Irish who did not agree with the rebellion or did not strongly enough help the rebels. In the depositions are named, husbands, wives, sons, neighbors and the rebels themselves, and their relationships to one another. Used in conjunction with the 1629-30 census and the 1660 hearth rolls, it shows who was killed, who survived, where they were living in 1641 and if they moved after 1641, as many depositions were taken between 1643-1653 from new home places when the old homes were destroyed.
This document, The Hamilton Manuscripts ..., by Sir James Hamilton Knight, edited by T.K. Lowry, Esq., Belfast, Ireland, 1857, is the collection of Hamilton family papers of the Hamiltons of Claneboy and relatives who along with Hamiltons of Arran and Montgomery families were the founders of the Scottish settlements in County Down and their feudal overlords. Many towns, ports, etc. were founded under the leadership and direction of the Hamiltons and Montgomery's. Many families who were related to, or had frequent transactions with both Hamiltons and Montgomery's are in this set of manuscripts and the Montgomery papers. These papers also cover some relationships with Hamiltons of Arran and their adjacent county settlements and estates.
This is first volume of The Montgomery Manuscripts: 1603-1706 compiled by William Montgomery, Esq. and edited with notes by Rev. George Hill, published in 1869, Belfast, Ireland. It is the papers of the Montgomery’s Viscounts of Ards, later Earls of Mount Alexander, County Down. This set of papers includes details of several families who came from Scotland to settle in Ireland, notably the Montgomery’s, formerly of Braidstane, a junior branch of the Earls of Eglinton, and Campbells of Dovecoate Hall, descended from a younger son to Campbell of Skeldon.
After the Catholic forces of King James II surrendered to the mostly Protestant forces of William III at Limerick in 1691, several official documents were hurriedly put together and published on the orders of the victorious William III. This is a link to the appendix to the FIRST of these documents. These documents were written to justify the Protestants (and even some Catholics) rebelling against James II, and so also William's invasion of Ireland. The referenced 'Act of Attainder' was passed by the hand-selected extremist Catholic parliament of the Earl of Tyrconnel, who was appointed by the deposed King James II, and would have had most Protestants massacred. The list of attainted persons includes not only their counties of residence, but also the names of their estates and/or occupations as well names of those who were craftsmen in cities and towns.
Lyman Chalkley's 1911, 3 volumes, Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish; abstracts of original colonial and early state of Virginia records for Augusta County from roughly 1750 to 1850, and part of the records of daughter counties Rockbridge and Botetourt, and bits of Rockingham and Montgomery Counties.
Annals of Augusta County, by Joseph Waddell, published 1902. Covers some of the same ground as Chalkley's Chronicles..., but is written more as a history and has additional material from the records themselves. Chalkley sometimes overly abbreviated his extracts and abstracts and Waddell sometimes spotted important items missed by Chalkley.
History of Albemarle County, by Rev. Edgar Woods, 1901. Relied on family records, cemetery records, etc., more than county records as the county's records had, in the words of a visitor even a century later, "no system of filing (or labeling)" making it very had to find much in the cabinets where files had been put haphazardly, when they were no longer in current use. It does cover bits and pieces of several families and important events, including the Woods families.
Rev. Neander Woods' 1905, Woods-McAfee Memorial; a personal family history from mostly family records and some county records from Goochland and to a much lesser extent, Albemarle County, of Virginia, given the condition of the county records at the time "no discernible filing system whatsoever"-written by a frustrated researcher about 70 year later. This is a flawed but useful family history. There was a certain amount of wrong-guessing about Irish ancestry of the Woods family (Worsop is NOT in this family's actual history) and Rev. Neander Woods and his cousin, Rev. Edgar Woods were not trained historians and did not research Augusta and its daughter counties and mistakenly thought that all the Woods in Augusta and Albemarle Counties were children of one emigrant couple, not two, who were brothers and sisters to one another and thus had very similar names for two sets of children.
William Harris Miller's 1907 flawed family history of Woods, Miller, Kavenaugh, Wallace, etc. families, incorporating some of Rev. Edgar Woods' genealogical research and a mixture of family records, county records with some counties not searched at all, again, etc..
History of Ayshire, by James Paterson in two volumes; first volume published in 1847; volume 2 published in 1852 (separate listing below the first). Cited NUMEROUS primary source records, especially for the families.
Records of the Sheriffs of Inveraray, first volume, published 1901; covers most of a period between 1670-1740 but is not a complete archives. The compiler/editor said many more records remained that needed to be published. The families in the records include many Campbell lines, but also any non-Campbells who lived in Argyllshire and Bute.
The Thanes of Cawdor, by John Frederick Vaughan Campbell, 1852; family history, and events covering a number of branches of the Campbells of Cawdor closest to the Thanes, from the primary source records in the "red boxes" at the Castle of Nairn and elsewhere. Covers families in Nairnshire and on Islay. It is not a complete history, and has less detail about Islay than Nairnshire, but is extensive.
Ladies of the Covenant, by Rev. James Anderson, 1862; describes the lives and families of a number of leading ladies who were "Covenanters" in Scotland; includes excerpts of their diaries, family notes and records. This book includes Lady Henriette Lindsay-Campbell, wife of the 4th baronet Auchinbreck and her mother, Lady Anne McKenzie-Lindsay-Campbell, widow of the 1st
Earl of Balcarres and 2nd wife of the 8th Earl of Argyll who was beheaded for his rebellion in 1685.
Memorial of Sir William Alexander of Menstry, 1st Earl of Stirling, by Major W.R.E. Alexander, published in 1877; covers most of the Alexander family; pedigrees, history, etc., done from mostly primary records and cites them. Very comprehensive; two volumes.
The Covenanters, by John Hewison, 2 volumes of history and records of the Covenanters. This names leading preachers and military leaders and what became of them and when. It describes the civil strife and persecutions by the Stuart kings, etc.. The first volume is available via Google books but each computer user has to select the format for download and it varies. Look up the book, volume 1 and author and it comes up on Google books but does not have a universal link.
The History of Nairnshire, by George Bain, covers some of the same ground as The Thanes of Cawdor, but has additional civil records and covers other families from Nairnshire.
County Down Research Centre, by Ros Davies, one of the best research/heritage centres for Ireland, volunteer created and maintained, and frequently updated. Wallace, Ross and other families have abundant records on this site.
The Irish Ancestral Research Association: site listing for various Irish research sites with on-line materials about families, places and local history.